Electric vehicles are the future of personal transport. Whether you’ve just invested in your first EV or are thinking of doing so, it’s important to know how to charge at home and how to charge using public EV charging stations.

The number of charging stations in Australia is growing every day thanks to strong support from private companies and some sectors of the government. This guide will explain everything you need to know about plug types, networks, and charge speeds to keep your EV running today and into the future.

What do I have?

Many EVs sold today come with portable chargers that can plug into general purpose outlets (GPOs). Even with one of these, however, it’s important to get a lead for your home charging station and at dedicated public stations. Depending on your EV you may need a Type 1 or Type 2 lead or adapter.

GPO, type 1 and 2 diagrams with labels

GPO-compatible chargers will be much slower than dedicated EV alternatives. They’re great for emergencies or top-ups but are too slow for charging most modern electric vehicles from empty to full in a reasonable amount of time. A dedicated home charging station will generally charge your EV at triple the speed of a portable cable (if not more). Public chargers offer the greatest speeds of all, especially rapid chargers on the Chargefox Ultra-rapid Network.

Plug types

It can be hard to wrap your head around all the different plug types and leads and what makes them different. Type 2 leads are the standard in Australia; new EVs and charging stations will all require Type 2 charging leads. However, some older models do still use Type 1. The diagram above shows exactly how to tell which type your EV needs. Australia’s public charging networks will also make it clear which type their stations use.

Tesla-brand chargers are the exception to this rule. While they use Type 2 plugs, they are only accessible by Tesla vehicles.

Tesla Supercharger

Tesla Supercharger

Tesla Wallbox

Tesla Wallbox

Tesla-brand chargers are the exception to this rule. While they use Type 2 plugs, they are only accessible by Tesla vehicles.

In addition, some EVs will feature a second set of slots below their Type 1 or 2 charge port. These include CHAdeMO & CCS combo plugs and are used at certain DC fast chargers. They won’t be necessary for everyday use.

See our  plug type guide  for more information on EV charging plugs.

See our plug type guide for more information on EV charging plugs.

Public charging networks?

Australia’s public charging infrastructure is growing at an exponential rate. From wallboxes in shopping centres to DC rapid chargers on our highways, there are more options than ever for EV charging on-the-go. Navigating to these locations is easy thanks to tools like PlugShare’s web map or the Chargefox app. Charging locations are now also available on Google Maps.

What do I need?

While Type 2 is the Australian standard, some public stations still use Type 1 tethered leads, so your needs may vary depending on what’s available on your route and what your EV requires. Thankfully JET Charge stock a full range of adapters and leads to help you connect to any Australian network.

See What cables do I need? and the JET Charge store for more information.

For Type 2 EV owners:

Public charging stations today are built with Type 2 sockets. Using these stations with a Type 2 EV simply requires an appropriate lead. Type 1 stations are still used by some networks, however, and an appropriate adapter will be necessary to charge with them.

Public charging stations today are built with Type 2 sockets. Using these stations with a Type 2 EV simply requires an appropriate lead.

Type 1 stations are still used by some networks, however, and an appropriate adapter will be necessary to charge with them.

For Type 1 EV owners:

Type 2 charging stations require a ‘Type 2 to Type 1’ lead for use with Type 1 EVs. At a tethered Type 1 station, no lead is required from the driver.

Type 2 charging stations require a ‘Type 2 to Type 1’ lead for use with Type 1 EVs. At a tethered Type 1 station, no lead is required.

Portable charging at a GPO:

Many EVs sold today will include a portable charger compatible with public outlets. These are ideal for emergencies or locations without an existing charging station.

Many EVs sold today will include a portable charger compatible with public outlets. These are ideal for emergencies or locations without an existing charging station.

Three-phase GPO charging is also possible for Type 2 EVs using the Juice Booster. These portable chargers are often found in industrial applications.